How does monkeypox spread to humans? Know every little thing about this disease what is Monkeypox: monkeypox symptoms?
Monkeypox was found in 1958 in several monkeys in the lab and was named after that. Basically it is a zoonotic viral infection, which means it can also be spread from animals to humans. It can also spread from person to another person. However, in humans it was first detected in 1970 in a 9-month-old baby in the country of Congo (Central Africa). Smallpox (a virus close to monkeypox) was eradicated in the Congo in 1968. Symptoms of monkeypox are usually similar to those of chickenpox before, which was eliminated from the whole world in 1980.
In 2003, the first outbreak of monkeypox was observed outside Africa in the Americas . The case was linked to the cradle of an infected dog. A prairie dog is a special type of rodent, which falls under the category of rats and squirrels. Most animals are very susceptible to being infected with the monkeypox virus and then spreading it to humans. Rodents mainly come in these animals like rats and squirrels etc.
Symptoms of monkeypox
The most common symptoms of monkeypox are fever, severe headache, muscle aches, back pain, loss of energy, swollen lymph nodes, and skin rashes and sores. A person infected with monkeypox starts showing symptoms of a skin rash within a day or three of having a fever. Skin wound are usually flat or slightly raised at first and may be clear or filled with pale yellow fluid. Gradually, a crust forms on the top of these wounds, which gradually dries up and falls off.
The number of rash formed on the skin varies from person to person and their number can go from one or two to thousands. The skin rash of a person with monkeypox can occur on any part of the body, but in most cases it is seen on the face, palm and soles of the feet. In some cases, patients can also see these on the mouth, genitals and eyes.
How monkeypox spread ?
The monkeypox virus is transmitted to a healthy person . When he comes in contact with someone who is showing symptoms of monkeypox. Monkeypox virus is present in the skin rashes, pus, blood and other body fluids of an infected person and can infect other people by coming in contact with them. Blisters and sores from an infected person can also be contagious.as the monkeypox virus can also be spread through saliva. Using an object used by an infected person can also make it infected. These items mainly include towels, sheets, toothbrushes and utensils etc.
A person with monkeypox remains contagious as long as they show symptoms. This period can usually last from one to four weeks.
Is monkeypox a sexually transmitted disease (STD)
This infection can be spread through close physical contact with a person infected with monkeypox. However, it is not yet confirmed whether the disease can be transmitted through sexual transmission, such as through semen or vaginal fluid. However, monkeypox can be caused by contact with skin sores or rashes during sex. The risk of contracting monkeypox is not limited to sexually active people and men who have sex with men. The disease can be transmitted to anyone who has close contact with an infected person.
Is monkeypox new pandemic?
The monkeypox virus is generally not considered highly contagious, but as WHO it can only be transmitted through contact with infected skin. Therefore, the risk of spreading this infection in public is very less. However, preventing the current outbreak of monkeypox is responding with priority. Efforts are being made to find out how this virus spreads and efforts are being made to save as many people as possible from its contact.